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Varicose veins treatment in  a vascular clinic

Varicose Vein

At Ontario Vascular, we specialize in diagnosing and treating varicose veins using advanced medical techniques to alleviate symptoms and enhance vascular health.

Definition

Varicose veins are a common medical condition characterized by enlarged, twisted veins often appearing as dark blue or purple bulges beneath the skin's surface. 

These veins typically develop in the legs and result from weakened or damaged valves within the veins. 

Healthy veins have one-way valves that facilitate the smooth flow of blood towards the heart. However, when these valves become impaired, blood can pool in the veins, leading to their dilation and the formation of varicose veins. 

Symptoms

* Visible, twisted veins, usually in the legs. 
* Aching or heaviness in the affected areas.
* Discomfort that worsens after prolonged standing or sitting.
* Swelling or throbbing sensations. 
* Some individuals may experience itching or skin discoloration around the veins. 
* In more severe cases, complications like inflammation, blood clots, or skin ulcers may occur. 

Causes

Varicose veins develop when the valves in the veins, which help regulate blood flow to the heart, become weakened or damaged. 

* Hereditary factors
* Age-related wear and tear on vein walls
* Hormonal changes (such as those occurring during pregnancy or menopause)
* Obesity
* Prolonged periods of standing or sitting. 

Women are generally more susceptible to varicose veins than men. 

How to Prevent

While it may not be possible to prevent varicose veins entirely, certain lifestyle changes and measures can help reduce the risk of their development and alleviate symptoms. 

* Regular Exercise
* Maintain a Healthy Weight
* Avoid Prolonged Sitting or Standing.
* Elevate Your Legs when resting. 
* Compression Stockings. 
* Healthy Diet.
* Avoid High Heels.
* Regular Check-ups with a vascular specialist

image of a healthy vein and normal blood flow and a varicose vein with damaged valves and reverse flow

Possible Treatments

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